DIY: Guide for growing hydroponic weed at home
Growing weed at home was a bit of a challenge for weed enthusiasts but now it has become quite easier to grow weed using hydroponic method and it can be done by throwing couple of hundred dollars out of your pocket you can have yourself an indoor garden containing 5-6 plants.
This guide will take you to a journey where you can grow weed in your very own house using hydroponic method by building Deep Water Culture (DWC) system using ratios of nutrients.
What exactly is Hydroponics?
By definition hydroponic is a method of growing nutrition rich plants in water based solution. Clay pellets, peat moss are used as inert medium to support the root system and interestingly enough hydroponics does not use soil, Plant roots come in direct contact with nutrient rich solution that supports the growth of the plant. To grow weed properly balance of water temperature, acids like nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium are necessary for lifecycle of the plant.
A tank comprising of nutrient solution is positioned below a growing tray. To upkeep the plants in a hydroponic system, a passive soil-free medium like fiber and/or stone, can be used to anchor the roots of the weed.
One of the easiest way to grow weed indoors is by using LED light panels designed specifically for weed. It uses less electricity and create relatively less heat than other forms of growing lights, and are becoming super popular among weed enthusiasts of hydroponic weed.
Deep Water Culture (DWC)
Direct water culture systems DWC is a simple yet most effective way to grow hydroponic weed. The concept is simple what you ought to do is to submerge the roots of the weed plant in the nutrient rich system, now without air they are supposed to die so what you do is that you can add a pipe or air pump like the one used in fish tanks. In order to make weed grown faster make sure the oxygen reaches out to the roots and significant amount of air shall enter the DWC system to form bubbles.
LED panels can be expensive, even though you might be saving on electricity costs. HID and HPS lamps are other known options you may also want to consider buying a tent for your hydroponic weed plants. This helps in maximize light reflection and can give you more control over the grow environment. Some tents are pretty advanced and come with thermometers and fans, but you can also line the walls of your grow with reflective surfaces and place a fan in the room to maximize the environment. Fans blowing on plants not only help with circulation, but the constant movement also strengthens plants as well.
Basic Lifecycle of Weed Plant
after creating the setup for hydroponic weed you have to adjust your nutrients and lighting as your weed plants move through the course of their natural lifecycle. This following handy guide to the N-P-K ratios, lighting time and spectrum will help you maintain pH nutrition balance between 5.5 and 6.5 throughout the entire course of the healthy plant lifecycle.
Clones, Cuttings, Seedling:
Hours of Light: 18 to 24 hours
N-P-K ration: 1-2-2
PPM: 200-300 PPM
Hours of Light: 18 hours in light and 6 hours in darkness
N-P-K ration: 3-1-2
PPM: 600-800 PPM
Light Spectrum: Red
Hours of Light: 12 hrs light 12 hrs darkness
N-P-K ration: 1-4-5
PPM: 800-1,400 PPM
Hours of Light: 10 hours in light and approx. 12 hours in darkness
N-P-K ration: 0-2-0
PPM: 0-300 PPM